WHAT IS UNEVEN SKIN TONE?
Uneven skin tone is an all-inclusive term that refers to patchy or blotchy skin, dark marks, spots or areas and is also referred to as hyperpigmentation. It exists where the skin has produced an excessive amount of pigment called melanin. These discoloured patches of skin can appear all over the body and could be problematic when visible on the face and neck. Because of their stronger skin pigmentation, men with dark skins seem to be more affected by uneven skin tone than their light-skinned counterparts.
WHAT CAUSES UNEVEN SKIN TONE?
One or more causes may be responsible for your uneven skin tone. Common causes include:
- SUN DAMAGE
Exposure to the sun stimulates melanin production with unprotected skin discolouring or developing a “tan”. Over time and with ongoing exposure, this discolouration will continue to deepen and develop. Depending on the sun protection offered by clothing and sunscreen products, this hyperpigmentation may form over larger areas or restricted to small, dark spots.
- PIMPLES, BLEMISHES & ACNE
Skin inflammation and infection from these skin problems can give rise to uneven skin tone. This may also be referred to as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
- HORMONAL CHANGES & IMBALANCE
Melasma, thought to be triggered by changes in hormonal levels, is a condition where large areas of darkened skin develop, mainly on the face. Although more common in women, it can affect men as well.
- SKIN DAMAGE
Nicks and cuts from shaving, insect bites, burns, and other forms of skin trauma can also trigger post-inflammatory melanin production, resulting in dark spots.
Frequently older men may have a more uneven skin tone than younger men for multiple reasons, including medication and extended periods of sun exposure.
- OTHER FACTORS
Other skin conditions like rosacea and dermatitis can give the appearance of an uneven skin tone.